The first thing to
remember about Jatropha farming is that:
(1) There are
considerable variations in Jatropha performance and production
figures from country to country. For example, the best seed in
Brazil (Growth & Form 4) that produces amazing results there may
grow very poorly in a country with a more temperate climate. By the
same token, one cannot expect a grapevine that grows well here in
to produce the same results in Latin America. There are farmers with
massive plantations in many parts of the world that produce
Jatropha grows in harsh conditions it doesn't necessarily mean that
it will be commercially viable in a first world country. Like with
any crop Jatropha still requires quality planting material, standard
farming practices and good crop management. In certain areas of
Africa and India,
where Jatropha is grown, there is a shortage of water but lots of
land and cheap labour. So the calculations relative to income and
expenditure may still balance.
(3) It is difficult
to establish going rates for the import and export of seed for
extraction purposes because local markets normally absorb most of
their local produce. In 2005 we did intensive calculations for the
importation of seed for local extraction of oil. The outcome to say
the least was dismal.
(4) As a result of
outdated Oil Expellers, claims as to the quantity of oil extracted
vary considerably. While the oil content of certain seed varies,
some equipment can extract more oil than others and then of course
there's chemical extraction and so on.
Jatropha is location specific and production figures are determined
by proper agricultural and business practices. It is therefore
unwise to interpolate figures from one particular location to
Before you start
you may download our Questionnaire called
and Market Research in Preparation for Business Plan & Cash Flow
This form will make the job of doing your business
plan a lot easier. Not all the information is required for the
Business Plan because some of it is Market Research that will get
you to know whether or not your Jatropha Project is feasible.
The infrastructure surrounding your Jatropha Plantation is very
important. When you download our
Jatropha Farming Cash Flow
Analysis Spreadsheet for estimating the income and expenditure
to be derived from Jatropha Farming you will notice that there is a
row for estimating the cost of transport of seed from your
plantation to the nearest Expelling Facility. Without taking
proximity of infrastructure into consideration the entire project
becomes less cost effective.
These are some of the factors to be considered when doing a Jatropha
1. Map of Location
Type of roads.
Distances from farms to
possible Expelling location.
3. Security of Land Tenure:
Do the farmers/trusts own
Is ownership vested in
Can one enter into
contracts to protect an investment and if so with who?
Is there enforcement for
people to meet contractual obligations?
What recourse is there for
enforcement of compliance?
Availability of Broadband.
Access to power.
Cost of housing/rental
Taxation/ How much/ How
will a company be taxed?
How much red tape is
Is the Government pro
Paydays - Weekly/monthly?
Is Labour friendly and
Location of labour to
Reliable & trustworthy
staff to run the operation?
1. Climatic conditions:
Access to water &
Price of seed being paid
Quality of seed/
Percentage of oil.
Check number of trees.
Is the land flat enough to
establish a nursery operation.
Is it close to the main
Distance of farm to
Availability of Water and
Availability of Good
3. Planting/Transplantation Method:
Filling & Seeding
Post Hole Borer
4. Farming methods being used for:
Harvesting Methods/How are
they currently harvesting Jatropha?
What are they using to put
it in after harvesting?
How are the seeds
On the road.
Lifting onto and/or off at
Containers being used?
Packaging for for
Is intercropping taking
If so, what sorts of crops
are being grown between?
How are the Jatropha
farmers making their money now?
7. Capital Expenditure:
We can assist you
with consultation on the following:
Site Investigation, Soil Analysis, Soil Chemical Characteristics,
Agro Climate Data, Site Preparation, Propagation, Nursery
Activities, Weed Control, Soil Preparation, Planting, Transplanting,
Crop Development, Pruning, Pests and Diseases, Fertilization,
Irrigation, Maintenance and Post - Planting Assessments. Creation of
Business Plans. Contact Us
C. Create Business
Plan & Source Funding.
Please bear in mind that your
Income, Expenditure and ultimate Profit will largely be
determined by the tree spacing and whether or not you intend to
Jatropha Farmers Cash Flow Analysis will
enable you to determine your income on the basis of the following
Jatropha Tree Spacing:
2m x 2m apart =
2.5m apart = 1600 trees
3m x 2m apart =
3m x 3m apart =
3m x 4m apart =
Before launching a
Jatropha Operation I have to stress the importance of acquiring
quality plant material. It would be the most futile exercise to
commence such an operation without having certified seed benchmarks.
The Jatropha Organisation of South Africa has access to the most
improved seed available anywhere in the world. The seed comes from
an R & D Seed Farm in Brazil and a Jatropha Laboratory in Rajasthan
E. You may also
contact us for the following:
Jatropha Germination Instructions.
Jatropha Farming Handbook .
Plantation & Management System Diary.
monitoring should be carried out at all times. Your company should
subscribe to Management by objectives meaning that clearly defined
short, medium and long term goals must be established. A detailed
Plantation & Management System Diary must be kept. If you’re remiss
at doing this carry a small Tape Recorder/Dictaphone and record your
and Management System Diary can then be summarized in order to carry
out Quarterly Evaluations which in turn can be used to assess your
progress in conjunction with prescribed production and financial